Build minimal, portable application development environments on macOS.
“Simplicity is a great virtue but it requires hard work to achieve it and education to appreciate it. And to make matters worse: complexity sells better.” ― Edsger Wybe Dijkstra
A typical application development environment requires a number of different programs, libraries and tools to produce working software. As applications mature so too do the techniques used to build them, the languages they're written in and the platforms they run on. Furthermore, it's seldom the case a developer works on only one application at a time.
Constant churn in application development environments make it difficult to keep software running reliably over time, even on a single machine. And that's assuming your application doesn't carry around a lot of dependencies. If you wouldn't allow the kind of variance described in your production environment, why let it start during development? Thankfully you don't have to. That's why I created Archuro.
Archuro is a simple CLI tool for macOS to get a hypervized Linux dev environment up and running as quickly as possible. It was created primarily to get Arch Linux running on Catalina on a 2019 MacBookPro as bare metal Arch Linux support still isn't quite there yet (though it is in progress and I recommend you use real Arch Linux if you can though, sadly, macOS will still be required to perform firmware updates on the machine which may include security patches).
Videos? Several in the
Assumes basic knowledge of command line, git and file system management. During development of Archuro you will also be expected to understand Shell Script and trace through
bin/archuro to understand how it works.
make installto move
To uninstall run
make uninstall from the project root directory to remove the binary installed. Then use the
brew commands to unlink remaining dotfiles and uninstall optional packages. See
stow -h and
brew bundle -h for help.
stowdirectory and update as desired.
archuro initto install build essentials.
archuro initwith option
-Suse GNU Stow to symlink dotfiles from
stowdirectory to the current user
$HOME. Command will error if dotfile already exists to prevent overwriting existing config.
archuro installto install optional dependencies.
Repeat steps 2-3 on an Extended Build of Arch Linux to share your dotfiles.
To create a throwaway Arch Linux container run
archuro tty or run
bash and press
Ctrl+p. To create a reusable Arch Linux container run
archuro build && archuro run. See Extended Builds for help.
Most actions in Archuro expect you're using GNU Stow to safely symlink your dotfiles from the
stow directory. If you have an existing "dotfiles" repository and wish to share your shell configuration files inside Arch Linux run
archuro init with the
-S flag to your
archuro init -S from the project root directory after downloading a copy of Archuro.
archuro --help after installation for command-line usage instructions.
Work in progress...
Create an extended build using
archuro save --ssh to enable SSH protocol support. Setting this option enables SSK key sharing from host using SSH Agent via
SSH_AUTH_SOCK. For background on why this functionality exists in Docker see Build secrets and SSH forwarding in Docker 18.09.
Archuro assumes macOS development dependencies are managed using a Brewfile. The
Brewfile keeps track dependencies and may also influence Homebrew how to tweak app installations specific for an environment. The manifest lives in
stow/dot-Homebrew file which becomes symlinked to
~/.Brewfile for use by the current user during
archuro init using the
Settings and extensions for Visual Studio Code are kept in the
└── stow ├── dot-profile ├── dot-vscode │ ├── extensions │ └── settings.json
stow/dot-profile file contains scripts to manage them:
cxlists currently installed VS Code extensions
cxinstallattempts to install saved extensions from
cxsaveappends currently installed VS Code extensions to
cxremoveallremoves all currently installed extensions (use with care)
Platform-specific setting locations vary. Mac and Windows store VS Code settings along with application data and not in the user's home directory. Keep this in mind and create a symbolic link (
ln -s) to the user
$HOME or adjust scripts as needed. For more info on using extensions see User and Workspace settings on the VS Code docs site.
Spinning up a disposable Arch Linux tty is great. But throwing away work doing repetitive tasks isn't. For this reason Archuro provides extended builds for persisting state and heavily caching development dependencies under Arch Linux using Docker. Think of it as your own custom build of the OS and update the
Dockerfile provided to customize as desired.
archuro build to automatically create and tag an
archlinux/extended build as shown here:
REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE archlinux/extended latest 0104776b36cc 2 seconds ago 616MB archlinux/base latest 5323a8f7a7a4 3 weeks ago 461MB
archuro build to rebuild the
Dockerfile and update the
IMAGE ID associated with the extended build.
If you're backing up an existing system:
brew bundle dumpto write all installed casks/formulae/taps into a Brewfile for you.
archuro initto install GNU Stow and Bash 5 on macOS.
$HOMEdirectory using GNU Stow with
archuro init --stow.
stow/dot-Brewfile to adjust macOS dependencies. If you're not using Homebrew yet
archuro init will install it alongside GNU Stow automatically. Then run
archuro install or
archuro update to check for new dependencies and install them automatically.
Must a mess of stuff I dumped in here during initial development.
RUNNING OUT OF HDD SPACE
❯ docker image prune WARNING! This will remove all dangling images. Are you sure you want to continue? [y/N] y Deleted Images: deleted: sha256:6c8e85e79ab8dafdfa3664574ea3a201d7e8ed8b91d039f77e32fb58ba5bc469 deleted: sha256:13b7fc8a1bc12abf3913f1d4ad1927cf534f161a4b6708c9b3d9912e95788150
Total reclaimed space: 0B
see also high tea readme
GIT BASH COMPLETIONS AREN'T WORKING. WHAT GIVES?
You fail at life. Just kidding. You're probably on a Mac, bro.
CUSTOM PACKAGE X ISN'T WORKING AS EXPECTED
brew first installs a package and that package requires some configuration Brew will output setup instructions in a section called Caveats. To see the caveats again simply run
brew info <package>.
SOMETIMES THERE CAN BE CONFLICTS from cross-platform and Homebrew...
Error: Could not symlink bin/ffmpeg Target /usr/local/bin/ffmpeg already exists. You may want to remove it: rm '/usr/local/bin/ffmpeg'
To force the link and overwrite all conflicting files: brew link --overwrite ffmpeg
To list all files that would be deleted: brew link --overwrite --dry-run ffmpeg Linking /usr/local/Cellar/ffmpeg/4.2.1_1... Using ffmpeg
SOMETIMES THERE'S AN APP FOR THAT ALREADY WHICH WAS MANUALLY INSTALLED
==> Satisfying dependencies ==> Downloading https://spectacle.s3.amazonaws.com/downloads/Spectacle+1.2.zip Already downloaded: /Users/jos/Library/Caches/Homebrew/downloads/b121fce845422e8d6002e6968285593312527586ff85399b56362b64b1c4e107--Spectacle 1.2.zip ==> Verifying SHA-256 checksum for Cask 'spectacle'. ==> Installing Cask spectacle Error: It seems there is already an App at '/Applications/Spectacle.app'. ==> Purging files for version 1.2 of Cask spectacle Installing spectacle has failed! Homebrew Bundle failed! 1 Brewfile dependency failed to install.
SOMETIMES MAS ITEMS IN BREWFILE GIVES YA SOME ISSUES. MAYBE LOGIN FIRST?
Using neovim Installing openssl Using pngquant Using python Installing sip Using socat Installing tcpdump Using tree Using yamllint Using yarn Using wget Installing vivaldi Using com.apple.dt.xcode No downloads Warning: No downloads began Installing bitwarden has failed! Using wireguard Installing youtube-dl ==> Satisfying dependencies ==> Downloading https://spectacle.s3.amazonaws.com/downloads/Spectacle+1.2.zip ==> Verifying SHA-256 checksum for Cask 'spectacle'. ==> Installing Cask spectacle Error: It seems there is already an App at '/Applications/Spectacle.app'. ==> Purging files for version 1.2 of Cask spectacle Installing spectacle has failed! No downloads Warning: No downloads began Installing amphetamine has failed!