Complete sources for a monero webminer.
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notgiven688 f5c233b45b updated fleck 2 months ago
SDK Switched to .NET5, cleaned the project 2 months ago
hash_cn made c-hashlib threadsafe again 1 year ago
server updated fleck 2 months ago
.dockerignore add a .dockerignore file 3 years ago
.gitignore Add gitignore for VS2019 1 year ago
Dockerfile Switched to .NET5, cleaned the project 2 months ago
README.md removed pools which do not support algo switching 2 months ago
entrypoint.sh Switched to .NET5, cleaned the project 2 months ago

README.md

webminerpool

Complete sources for a Cryptonight (diverse variants, without randomX) webminer.

The server is written in C#, optionally calling C-routines to check hashes calculated by the clients. It acts as a proxy server for common pools.

The client runs in the browser using javascript and webassembly. websockets are used for the connection between the client and the server, webassembly to perform hash calculations, web workers for threads.

There is a docker file available. See below.

Is RandomX supported?

No. At the moment there is no efficient way to implement this in the browser.

The strategy is to rely on coins which are more easily mined in the browser. Pools like moneroocean.stream let you mine them in direct exchange for Monero.

Supported algorithms

# xmrig short notation webminerpool internal description
1 cn algo="cn", variant=-1 autodetect cryptonight variant (block.major - 6)
2 cn/0 algo="cn", variant=0 original cryptonight
3 cn/1 algo="cn", variant=1 also known as monero7 and cryptonight v7
4 cn/2 algo="cn", variant=2 or 3 cryptonight variant 2
5 cn/r algo="cn", variant=4 cryptonight variant 4 also known as cryptonightR
6 cn-lite algo="cn-lite", variant=-1 same as #1 with memory/2, iterations/2
7 cn-lite/0 algo="cn-lite", variant=0 same as #2 with memory/2, iterations/2
8 cn-lite/1 algo="cn-lite", variant=1 same as #3 with memory/2, iterations/2
9 cn-pico/trtl algo="cn-pico", variant=2 or 3 same as #4 with memory/8, iterations/8
10 cn-half algo="cn-half", variant=2 or 3 same as #4 with memory/1, iterations/2
11 cn/rwz algo="cn-rwz", variant=2 or 3 same as #4 with memory/1, iterations*3/4

Repository Content

SDK

The SDK directory contains all client side mining scripts which allow mining in the browser.

Minimal working example

<script src="webmr.js"></script>

<script>
	server = "ws://localhost:8181"
	startMining("moneroocean.stream","49kkH7rdoKyFsb1kYPKjCYiR2xy1XdnJNAY1e7XerwQFb57XQaRP7Npfk5xm1MezGn2yRBz6FWtGCFVKnzNTwSGJ3ZrLtHU"); 
</script>

webmr.js can be found under SDK/miner_compressed.

The startMining function can take additional arguments

startMining(pool, address, password, numThreads, userid);
  • pool, this has to be a pool registered at the server.
  • address, a valid XMR address you want to mine to.
  • password, password for your pool. Often not needed.
  • numThreads, the number of threads the miner uses. Use "-1" for auto-config.
  • userid - not used anymore but still available at the server side.

To throttle the miner just use the global variable "throttleMiner", e.g.

startMining(..);
throttleMiner = 20;

If you set this value to 20, the cpu workload will be approx. 80% (for 1 thread / CPU). Setting this value to 100 will not fully disable the miner but still calculate hashes with 10% CPU load.

If you do not want to show the user your address or even the password you have to create a loginid (see logins.json). With the loginid you can start mining with

startMiningWithId(loginid)

or with optional input parameters:

startMiningWithId(loginid, numThreads, userid)

What are all the *.js files?

SDK/miner_compressed/webmr.js simply combines

  1. SDK/miner_raw/miner.js
  2. SDK/miner_raw/worker.js
  3. SDK/miner_raw/cn.js

Where miner.js handles the server-client connection, worker.js are web workers calculating cryptonight hashes using cn.js - a emscripten generated wrapped webassembly file. The webassembly file can also be compiled by you, see section hash_cn below.

Server

The C# server. It acts as proxy between the clients (the browser miners) and the pool server. Whenever several clients use the same credentials (pool, address and password) they get "bundled" into a single pool connection, i.e. only a single connection is seen by the pool server. This measure helps to prevent overloading regular pool servers with many low-hash web miners.

The server uses asynchronous websockets provided by the FLECK library. Smaller fixes were applied to keep memory usage low. The server code should be able to handle several thousand connections with modest resource usage.

Install .NET 5.0 (https://dotnet.microsoft.com/download/dotnet/5.0) on your system and follow these instructions:

To compile change to the server directory and execute

dotnet build -c Release

Run the server with

dotnet run -c Release

Optionally you can compile the C-library libhash.so found in hash_cn. Place this library in the same folder as the server executable. If this library is present the server will make use of it and check hashes which gets submitted by the clients. If clients submit bad hashes ("low diff shares"), they get disconnected. The server occasionally writes ip-addresses to ip_list. These addresses should get (temporarily) banned on your server for example by adding them to iptables. The file can be deleted after the ban. See Firewall.cs for rules when a client is seen as malicious - submitting wrong hashes is one possibility.

Without a SSL certificate the server will open a regular websocket (ws://0.0.0.0:8181). To use websocket secure (wss://0.0.0.0:8181) you should place certificate.pfx (a pkcs12 file) into the server directory. The default password which the server uses to load the certificate is "miner". To create a pkcs12 file from regular certificates, e.g. from Let's Encrypt, use the command

openssl pkcs12 -export -out certificate.pfx -inkey privkey.pem -in cert.pem -certfile chain.pem

The server should autodetect the certificate on startup and create a secure websocket.

Attention: Most linux based systems have a (low) fixed limit of available file-descriptors configured ("ulimit"). This can cause an unwanted upper limit for the users who can connect (typical 1000). You should change this limit if you want to have more connections.

hash_cn

The cryptonight hashing functions in C-code. With simple Makefiles (use the "make" command to compile) for use with gcc and emcc - the emscripten webassembly compiler. libhash should be compiled so that the server can check hashes calculated by the user.

Dockerization

Find the original pull request with instructions by nierdz here.

Added Dockerfile and entrypoint.sh. Inside entrypoint.sh, if $DOMAIN is provided, a certificate is registered and packed in pkcs12 format to be used with server.exe.

cd webminerpool
docker build -t webminerpool .

To run it:

docker run -d -p 80:80 -p 8181:8181 -e DOMAIN="" webminerpool

The 80:80 bind is used to obtain a certificate. The 8181:8181 bind is used for server itself.

If you want to bind these ports to a specific IP, you can do this:

docker run -d -p xx.xx.xx.xx:80:80 -p xx.xx.xx.xx:8181:8181 -e DOMAIN=mydomain.com webminerpool

You can even use docker-compose, here is a sample snippet:

webminer:
  container_name: webminer
  image: webminer:1.0
  build:
    context: ./webminerpool
  restart: always
  ports:
    - ${WEBMINER_IP}:80:80
    - ${WEBMINER_IP}:8181:8181
  environment:
    DOMAIN: ${WEBMINER_DOMAIN}
  networks:
    - my-network

To use this snippet, you need to define $WEBMINER_DOMAIN and $WEBMINER_IP in a .env file.